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Kafdrop is a web UI for viewing Kafka topics and browsing consumer groups. The tool displays information such as brokers, topics, partitions, consumers, and lets you view messages.

Overview Screenshot

This project is a reboot of Kafdrop 2.x, dragged kicking and screaming into the world of JDK 11+, Kafka 2.x, Helm and Kubernetes. It's a lightweight application that runs on Spring Boot and is dead-easy to configure, supporting SASL and TLS-secured brokers.

Features

  • View Kafka brokers — topic and partition assignments, and controller status
  • View topics — partition count, replication status, and custom configuration
  • Browse messages — JSON, plain text and Avro encoding
  • View consumer groups — per-partition parked offsets, combined and per-partition lag
  • Create new topics
  • View ACLs

Requirements

  • Java 11 or newer
  • Kafka (version 0.10.0 or newer)

Optional, additional integration:

  • Schema Registry

Getting Started

You can run the Kafdrop JAR directly, via Docker, or in Kubernetes.

Running from JAR

java --add-opens=java.base/sun.nio.ch=ALL-UNNAMED \
    -jar target/kafdrop-<version>.jar \
    --kafka.brokerConnect=<host:port,host:port>,...

If unspecified, kafka.brokerConnect defaults to localhost:9092.

Note: As of Kafdrop 3.10.0, a ZooKeeper connection is no longer required. All necessary cluster information is retrieved via the Kafka admin API.

Open a browser and navigate to http://localhost:9000. The port can be overridden by adding the following config:

--server.port=<port> --management.server.port=<port>

Optionally, configure a schema registry connection with:

--schemaregistry.connect=http://localhost:8081

Finally, a default message format (e.g. to deserialize Avro messages) can optionally be configured as follows:

--message.format=AVRO

Valid format values are DEFAULT and AVRO. This can also be configured at the topic level via dropdown when viewing messages.

Running with Docker

Images are hosted at hub.docker.com/r/obsidiandynamics/kafdrop.

Launch container in background:

docker run -d --rm -p 9000:9000 \
    -e KAFKA_BROKERCONNECT=<host:port,host:port> \
    -e JVM_OPTS="-Xms32M -Xmx64M" \
    -e SERVER_SERVLET_CONTEXTPATH="/" \
    obsidiandynamics/kafdrop

Then access the web UI at http://localhost:9000.

Hey there! We hope you really like Kafdrop! Please take a moment to the repo or Tweet about it.

Running in Kubernetes (using a Helm Chart)

Clone the repository (if necessary):

git clone https://github.com/obsidiandynamics/kafdrop && cd kafdrop

Apply the chart:

helm upgrade -i kafdrop chart --set image.tag=3.x.x \
    --set kafka.brokerConnect=<host:port,host:port> \
    --set server.servlet.contextPath="/" \
    --set jvm.opts="-Xms32M -Xmx64M"

For all Helm configuration options, have a peek into chart/values.yaml.

Replace 3.x.x with the image tag of obsidiandynamics/kafdrop. Services will be bound on port 9000 by default (node port 30900).

Note: The context path must end with a slash.

Proxy to the Kubernetes cluster:

kubectl proxy

Navigate to http://localhost:8001/api/v1/namespaces/default/services/http:kafdrop:9000/proxy.

Building

After cloning the repository, building is just a matter of running a standard Maven build:

$ mvn clean package

The following command will generate a Docker image:

mvn assembly:single docker:build

Docker Compose

There is a docker-compose.yaml file that bundles a Kafka/ZooKeeper instance with Kafdrop:

cd docker-compose/kafka-kafdrop
docker-compose up

APIs

JSON endpoints

Starting with version 2.0.0, Kafdrop offers a set of Kafka APIs that mirror the existing HTML views. Any existing endpoint can be returned as JSON by simply setting the Accept: application/json header. Some endpoints are JSON only:

  • /topic: Returns a list of all topics.

Swagger

To help document the Kafka APIs, Swagger has been included. The Swagger output is available by default at the following Kafdrop URL:

/v2/api-docs

This can be overridden with the following configuration:

springfox.documentation.swagger.v2.path=/new/swagger/path

Currently only the JSON endpoints are included in the Swagger output; the HTML views and Spring Boot debug endpoints are excluded.

You can disable Swagger output with the following configuration:

swagger.enabled=false

CORS Headers

Starting in version 2.0.0, Kafdrop sets CORS headers for all endpoints. You can control the CORS header values with the following configurations:

cors.allowOrigins (default is *)
cors.allowMethods (default is GET,POST,PUT,DELETE)
cors.maxAge (default is 3600)
cors.allowCredentials (default is true)
cors.allowHeaders (default is Origin,Accept,X-Requested-With,Content-Type,Access-Control-Request-Method,Access-Control-Request-Headers,Authorization)

You can also disable CORS entirely with the following configuration:

cors.enabled=false

Actuator

Health and info endpoints are available at the following path: /actuator

This can be overridden with the following configuration:

management.endpoints.web.base-path=<path>

Guides

Connecting to a Secure Broker

Kafdrop supports TLS (SSL) and SASL connections for encryption and authentication. This can be configured by providing a combination of the following files (placed into the Kafka root directory):

  • kafka.truststore.jks: specifying the certificate for authenticating brokers, if TLS is enabled.
  • kafka.keystore.jks: specifying the private key to authenticate the client to the broker, if mutual TLS authentication is required.
  • kafka.properties: specifying the necessary configuration, including key/truststore passwords, cipher suites, enabled TLS protocol versions, username/password pairs, etc. When supplying the truststore and/or keystore files, the ssl.truststore.location and ssl.keystore.location properties will be assigned automatically.

Using Docker

The three files above can be supplied to a Docker instance in base-64-encoded form via environment variables:

docker run -d --rm -p 9000:9000 \
    -e KAFKA_BROKERCONNECT=<host:port,host:port> \
    -e KAFKA_PROPERTIES=$(cat kafka.properties | base64) \
    -e KAFKA_TRUSTSTORE=$(cat kafka.truststore.jks | base64) \   # optional
    -e KAFKA_KEYSTORE=$(cat kafka.keystore.jks | base64) \       # optional
    obsidiandynamics/kafdrop

Environment Variables

Basic configuration

|Name |Description |-----------------------|------------------------------- |KAFKA_BROKERCONNECT |Bootstrap list of Kafka host/port pairs. Defaults to localhost:9092. |KAFKA_PROPERTIES |Additional properties to configure the broker connection (base-64 encoded). |KAFKA_TRUSTSTORE |Certificate for broker authentication (base-64 encoded). Required for TLS/SSL. |KAFKA_KEYSTORE |Private key for mutual TLS authentication (base-64 encoded). |SERVER_SERVLET_CONTEXTPATH|The context path to serve requests on (must end with a /). Defaults to /. |SERVER_PORT |The web server port to listen on. Defaults to 9000.

Advanced configuration

|Name |Description |-----------------------|------------------------------- |JVM_OPTS |JVM options. |JMX_PORT |Port to use for JMX. No default; if unspecified, JMX will not be exposed. |HOST |The hostname to report for the RMI registry (used for JMX). Defaults to localhost. |KAFKA_PROPERTIES_FILE|Internal location where the Kafka properties file will be written to (if KAFKA_PROPERTIES is set). Defaults to kafka.properties. |KAFKA_TRUSTSTORE_FILE|Internal location where the truststore file will be written to (if KAFKA_TRUSTSTORE is set). Defaults to kafka.truststore.jks. |KAFKA_KEYSTORE_FILE |Internal location where the keystore file will be written to (if KAFKA_KEYSTORE is set). Defaults to kafka.keystore.jks.

Using Helm

Like in the Docker example, supply the files in base-64 form:

helm upgrade -i kafdrop chart --set image.tag=3.x.x \
    --set kafka.brokerConnect=<host:port,host:port> \
    --set kafka.properties="$(cat kafka.properties | base64)" \
    --set kafka.truststore="$(cat kafka.truststore.jks | base64)" \
    --set kafka.keystore="$(cat kafka.keystore.jks | base64)"

Updating the Bootstrap theme

Edit the .scss files in the theme directory, then run theme/install.sh. This will overwrite src/main/resources/static/css/bootstrap.min.css. Then build as usual. (Requires npm.)

Securing the Kafdrop UI

Kafdrop doesn't (yet) natively implement an authentication mechanism to restrict user access. Here's a quick workaround using NGINX using Basic Auth. The instructions below are for macOS and Homebrew.

Requirements

  • NGINX: install using which nginx > /dev/null || brew install nginx
  • Apache HTTP utilities: which htpasswd > /dev/null || brew install httpd

Setup

Set the admin password (you will be prompted):

htpasswd -c /usr/local/etc/nginx/.htpasswd admin

Add a logout page in /usr/local/opt/nginx/html/401.html:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<p>Not authorized. <a href="<!--# echo var="scheme" -->://<!--# echo var="http_host" -->/">Login</a>.</p>

Use the following snippet for /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf:

worker_processes 4;

events {
  worker_connections 1024;
}

http {
  upstream kafdrop {
    server 127.0.0.1:9000;
    keepalive 64;
  }

  server {
    listen *:8080;
    server_name _;
    access_log /usr/local/var/log/nginx/nginx.access.log;
    error_log /usr/local/var/log/nginx/nginx.error.log;
    auth_basic "Restricted Area";
    auth_basic_user_file /usr/local/etc/nginx/.htpasswd;

    location / {
      proxy_pass http://kafdrop;
    }

    location /logout {
      return 401;
    }

    error_page 401 /errors/401.html;

    location /errors {
      auth_basic off;
      ssi        on;
      alias /usr/local/opt/nginx/html;
    }
  }
}

Run NGINX:

nginx

Or reload its configuration if already running:

nginx -s reload

To logout, browse to /logout.

Hey there! We hope you really like Kafdrop! Please take a moment to the repo or Tweet about it.

Contributing Guidelines

All contributions are more than welcomed. Contributions may close an issue, fix a bug (reported or not reported), add new design blocks, improve the existing code, add new feature, and so on. In the interest of fostering an open and welcoming environment, we as contributors and maintainers pledge to making participation in our project and our community a harassment-free experience for everyone.

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